How can I get pregnant?

Pregnancy occurs when a sperm fertilises an egg by joining with it during intercourse. This can happen when two people have sex without contraception. The fertilised egg will then move down into a girl’s uterus and implant itself into the womb lining where it will begin to grow. Even a small amount of semen in pre-ejaculation fluid can come into contact with the vagina therefore you can become pregnant even if the penis is pulled out before ejaculation (cumming).

Can I get pregnant the first time I have sex?

Absolutely. Despite what myths you may have heard, any time a man and women have intercourse pregnancy is possible. Even if a young woman has never menstruated before, it is possible that she has ovulated and can get pregnant. And whilst on the topic, it’s also possible to catch STIs from your first time too. That’s why you should always practice safe sex.

Can I get pregnant from oral or anal sex?

No. It is impossible that swallowing cum during oral sex will make you pregnant. Likewise, semen can not enter the reproductive system though anal sex. The only way that you can get pregnant from anal sex is if during play some of the semen comes into close contact with the opening of the vagina and that semen makes its way inside. However, oral and anal sex do not in anyway prevent the spread of STIs, so using contraception is always a must.

How can I prevent pregnancy?

There are many types of contraception that effectively prevent pregnancy. However, only condoms can prevent pregnancy and protect you again HIV and other STIs.

How do I know if I’m pregnant?

There are several early symptoms of pregnancy that may include:

  • Missed period
  • Feeling sick
  • Vomiting
  • Sore breasts
  • Tiredness
  • The need to urinate more frequently

These symptoms usually appear about 2 weeks after conception. If you think you might be pregnant and are displaying some of the symptoms, taking a test is the only sure fire way of knowing.

Home pregnancy tests are available from chemist and supermarkets. These are easy to use and cheap (between $10 – $20). These tests work by detecting a certain pregnancy hormone in your urine. Otherwise, head to your nearest sexual health clinic or GP. They’ll ask about the date of your last period, when you last had unprotected sex and will either do a urine or blood test.

This is confidential so your parents won’t find out unless you tell them.

I’m pregnant, what do I do now?

If the pregnancy is unplanned you might be feeling confused, shocked, and scared. It is important to face what is happening and seek advice as soon as possible so that all options are open to you. You are not alone!

Other people can help you make a decision by explaining your choices. Talk to whoever you trust and feel comfortable with. This may be your boyfriend, parents, an older sibling, your friends, a teacher, a doctor, a social worker, a counsellor or someone at your local Family Planning Clinic.

It is important to make the right decision for YOU, and not necessarily the decision that your boyfriend or family would make. Check out the Your Options section to find out more about what decisions are available.